Physical therapy plays a vital role in helping patients return to regular activities following any injury or surgery like replacement of knees, hips, shoulders or ankles. Full recovery of an individual requires a considerable amount of time. However, the duration of recovery depends on the intensity of the injury or the ailment. The expertise of a physical therapist plays a crucial role in the recovery of the patient.
Trained physical therapist often recommends set of exercises as an integral part of the rehabilitation program. Exercises contribute in overall improvement of the health conditions of the patient. It primarily helps in improving flexibility, boosting strength, reducing swelling, enhancing endurance, improving balance and coordination and reducing difficulties in performing daily activities. The type and intensity of exercise depends on the surgery that the individual has undergone or the injuries that he has sustained.
Before beginning with the beneficial treatment, a skillful physiotherapy usually performs a thorough assessment of the health conditions of the patient. During the screening, he will check your blood pressure, heart rate, breathing condition and range of motions and functionality of other body parts and then develop the treatment plan accordingly.
Physical therapy entails a number of specialty areas. In this article we have elucidated on the five most common specialty areas in the field of physiotherapy.
Orthopedic Physical Therapy
Orthopedic physiotherapists manage, diagnose and treat any injuries or disorders related to the musculoskeletal system. These physical therapy experts help patients recover after an orthopedic surgery treating him with different techniques of this beneficial procedure, depending on the type of surgery. Orthopedic therapists are generally well trained in treating post-operative joints, arthritis, sports injuries and amputations. Strength training, joint mobilizations, cold packs, hot packs and electrical stimulation are commonly applied for fast recovery in the orthopedic setting. These treatment options are truly beneficial for individuals whoever have suffered any disease or injury affecting the bones, muscles, tendons or ligaments.
Neurological Physical Therapy
Neurological physiotherapists deal with persons suffering from a neurological disease or disorder. These include brain injury, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, stroke and spinal cord injury. Patients having neurological disorders suffer a range of problems that include vision impairment, paralysis, poor balance, difficulty in walking and loss of independence. Trained physiotherapists work with patients to improve the condition of their areas of dysfunction.
Geriatric Physical Therapy
This particular field of physical therapy takes into account the range of issues concerning individuals whoever are aging. The common ailments include osteoporosis, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, hip joint replacement, incontinence and balance disorders. Physiotherapists dealing with geriatric issues sketch out individualized programs to help in restoring mobility, pain reduction and gain fitness.
Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation physiotherapy experts treat individuals having cardiopulmonary disorders as well as the patients whoever have undergone cardiac or pulmonary surgery. The primary motive of the professionals is to increase the endurance of the patient and to boost their functional independence.
Pediatric Physical Therapy
Pediatric physiotherapy helps in detection of health issues as well as the diagnosis, management and treatment of infants, adolescents and children whoever have sustained injuries or suffering from any diseases and disorders that affect their bones, muscles and joints. The treatment is primarily focused on improving balance and coordination, gross and fine motor skills, endurance and strength as well as sensory and cognitive processing and integration in children. Children having cerebral palsy, developmental issues, torticollis and spina bifida are treated effectively by pediatric physical therapy professionals.
During the initial stage physiotherapy may feel uncomfortable. However, continued exercise and other physical therapy treatments will contribute in fast recovery and will also reduce post-operative pain. Once your health condition will start improving and the symptoms of your disease or injury will heal up, your physiotherapist will recommend you more advanced exercises to help you achieve optimal range of motion and a complete recovery. Remember it may take more than a month to attain complete recovery.